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Picture of How to Pan For Gold
As if I needed yet another hobby, I got interested in gold prospecting several years ago. My travels around the West often took me to old mining towns and mine sites where the pioneers had made a living by pulling the yellow stuff out of the ground. Eventually I got the bug too. Gold fever is a terrible thing. There is no known cure. It leads you to work harder on your vacations than you do in your normal working life, and all you have to show for is a little dirty, yellow metal.

The principal behind gold panning is really simple. Gold is heavy. Just about everything else is lighter. If you load a pie-pan shaped container with gold-bearing gravel and sand, proper agitation in water should cause the gold to sink to the bottom, while washing away the lighter stuff that rises to the top. Eventually, all that is left in your pan is the heaviest minerals, including (hopefully) some gold. It really is about that simple. Of course there is more to the story than that.

More photos and details can be found on my web site at

Step 1: Equipment Needed for Gold Paning

Picture of Equipment Needed for Gold Paning
First off, you are going to need some equipment. This photo shows about the bare minimum of equipment you need to be a successful gold panner. I bought a lot of my equipment on Ebay. The rest came from the hardware store. None of it is difficult to find or terribly expensive.

Start with the water-proof boots. Gold panning is done in the water, usually icy cold mountain streams. You'll want to keep your feet dry. Some nice warm socks (maybe a couple of pairs) also helps to keep your feet warm in that cold water.

The green thing is the gold pan. There are lots of different types of gold pans. They all work. so don't spend too much time obsessing over getting just the right kind of pan. I buy my gold pans on Ebay since there is nobody near me that stocks them, and it is usually the cheapest place to buy them.

Inside the gold pan is the sniffer bottle. It is used for sucking up little bits of gold out of your pan. More on that later.

The purple thing is a classifier, also known as a sieve or strainer. It is really optional, but I find it to be a great help. I'll talk about why later.

Next, you need some digging tools. A full-size pointed shovel will be real useful (remember what I said about this being hard work?). You'll also want a smaller spade and either an old screwdriver or some other skinny tool for cleaning out small cracks and crevasses in the rocks.

The small white plastic pail is used for collecting concentrates. You can use just about any sort of container for that. More on why this is important later.

Big five gallon buckets come in handy for lots of things. I usually carry several. You can pack a lot of the other equipment in them along with some water bottles and other supplies, and carry it all down to the creek. Once there, a bucket makes handy stool to sit on in the creek to do your panning and another serves to carry your paydirt from where you are digging it to where you are panning it.

Other nice to have accessories are gloves. A nice pair of rugged leather gloves to protect your hands from blisters while working the shovel and protect from cuts and scrapes while digging out cracks and crevasses with the smaller digging tools. Also a pair of rubber gloves to protect your hands from the cold water while panning. Also, a pair of tweezers to pick the larger bits of gold "pickers" out of your gold pan, and a glass or plastic bottle to put them in will come in real handy.

Naturally you'll want to take all the usual stuff you would take for any outdoor adventure in the wilderness. Things like a first aide kit, warm clothes, drinking water, mosquito repellent, sunscreen, etc.
mikefromspace9 months ago
Where Filipinos pan gold, you wont find those pans! They use a simple convex dish with a recessed 2" dimple in the bottom. They save you time and energy. Forge one from copper or make one from melted milk jugs cast over clay perhaps.
You can also grow gold, as proven by Professor John V.Milewski. After studying his work for a few years, I found how to improve the process to a great degree. Not a good thing to share with just anyone though. It would make gold worthless, as well as gold backed currencies.

Impressive video to generate income..

johnwan2 years ago

Wow amazing.

kekker702 years ago

At $900 an oz. that must have been a while back as it is $1345.00 now.

I had an idea that the least gone over area's for gold are where there is NO Water. So, I came up with my own Sluice box, fully self contained. I like arroyos/ a dry river type bed, they only get water when a lot of rain washes down from the hill's and mountains bringing Heavy Metal with it. My Sluice works by reusing the water over & over, I have used it Two Week's and not ran out. think about making something like this and build one.

wow its new way for earning money ....

nudim4 years ago

very nice idea ... good job

KellyKandy4 years ago

Excellent ideas here, well done

its fantastic

Its very Nice...

shabbokamli4 years ago

supperrbb Idea

Great plan, do you know of any gold places in the UK?

you gotaa look for them

great advice

boom man566 years ago
Where do I get the sand?

I am also have same problem with you. I can't find that sand.

This is great.. i live i South africa.. there will lot of places

Great work...


mazataza4 years ago


mazataza4 years ago


SaraS24 years ago

I love the idea of panning for gold. Such a romantic notion that you can go out in the world, work hard for yourself and make your fortune there. Still seems like a lot of hard work to get out there and really make it work, I wonder if it is really worth it.

Is this still a viable option to make some dough? Where in the US is there still gold to be had?

Hi Curated Quotes. I can't give you a detailed answer to your question because I have no experience and I don't live in the States. But panning for gold is very popular right now and I hear people are finding lots of it.

As for making some dough, you won't likely find enough to get rich, so don't quit your day job. But you might make a couple hundred bucks now and then.

As for where to find gold, your best bet is to go where the gold is. Like the author of this Instructable said, find a place that has a history of producing "placer gold". The most gold is still found where it always has been, since the gold rush days. Do an Internet search for "gold panning in_____", whatever place you want to go, and see what turns up. Also, look for local clubs, or check with the geology department at a nearby college maybe.... Again, I don't live in the States so I really don't know how things work there. Just be mindful of your local laws and make sure you don't trespass or start digging on land you aren't allowed to dig on. Also, there may be limits on how much you are allowed to mine without a permit, and restrictions regarding environmental impact in certain areas.

Great info, thanks for sharing. It definitely sounds like hard work, something I am allergic to, but might be willing to endure if I knew it would pay off. I am too far away from any good prospecting areas to make it worthwhile at the moment. Also, it is prohibited by law here to sell anything you find if you are just doing it as a hobby (here being Ontario, Canada).

I was just doing some research because my husband has been watching "Gold Rush" on TV and has a slight case of gold fever at the moment. I thought it might be fun to go out panning sometime. And also a good way to cure him of the fever. Once he sees how much work it takes to get a few little specks of gold, he won't be so interested anymore.

it is not useful because it is use only this tyoe of word only.

Gutterclean5 years ago

Wow, awesome.

Supperb.. nice name

danmellow5 years ago

very nice collection :-)

CxXxC9 years ago
I have a question I live by an old mine tailings and wonder ing ig there would be any gold in there

Metal detect, use a garden rake, pull down an inch or so and run your detector over it. Also pan washes leading away from tailings piles. Floating dredge tailings lost small gold but also lost big nuggets due to the size classifications they were after. Mine tailings could be rock piles waiting to be run through the stamp mill. I know where a huge pile of quartz rocks is in the woods that assey's at a 1/4 ounce per ton. A rock crusher can make you some gold in such a situation.

thepelton CxXxC9 years ago
Probably, but not guaranteed. The old miners 150 years ago were more interested in the individual nuggets (2mm or larger) than in the dust, and would pass up or even throw away stuff we would love to get today. You would probably be finding gold dust.
=///////===============> - How much can You buy an Ol' Huntin' Rifle for...HAR.!
What that doesn't make sence
You can only find in those old Tailings ==> "Whatever You can Get" > = FIND..?.! An OLD Saying. I've looked at those Old Tailings too, didn't have the "time".. tho. A company did go thru the Gold Tailings of a played out mine just out of town here, It kept a crew with machenery, Back Hoe, "Sluce Mill", Etc, at work for a couple years or so. In the 70's. The Brook Trout tasted fine all the while, and still do.
Foxtrot70 CxXxC9 years ago
I would think the tailings would have some product in it as to how much is another question should be more than chancing shovel fulls of dirt from a stream. The problem(s) I see might be: securing permissions to gain entry to the property, what percentage, if any, the land owner would expect; liability insurance, etc. Don't mean to throw a damper on things just some items for thought.
woody5587 years ago

Besides the ridges, the pan looks just like a plate. Would it be possible to pan for gold with a plate or maybe even a pie tin???

The 49er's had no riffles. Supposedly Chines miners beat riffles into theirs . My first gold pan was a wok. In South America they carve pans from wood with no riffles. They call them batea's.(floating wood is a good idea) Gold pans are cheap and easy to find today. I saw some the other day at Cabella's store. Ebay,Keene engineering and GPAA are some online sources. My favorite pan is the Keene SP14. I never liked classifiers. Too much to carry when "suspecting or gold". (Big ten) makes great maps to put you on the gold. You will find gold with a pie tin if it's there.

this wont get you much because most of the gold on the surface was grabbed during the gold rush

I have over 20 years experience prospecting and mining. Only a fraction of the gold on the surface has been gotten. And more washes out of the Earth every day.
The "gold rushes" were a funny thing. They boomed up and quickly died out as rumors of new richer ground came up. The East coast stopped mining gold during the Civil war after free slave labor ended. Then mining picked up after the great depression. Only to be stopped by WW II by law and loss of workers. The price of gold prevented another "gold rush" until recently when gold shot to 1800 an ounce.
I can go right now and pan a nugget or 2 in a few minutes at a creek that has been heavily mined. I could dredge an ounce in a week from this same played out creek.
There's plenty of gold still out there. And very few willing to work to recover it.

not true gold resurculates and there is just as much gold on the surface now then there was in the gold rush
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